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 This image released by Warner Bros. Pictures shows Joaquin Phoenix in a scene from the film, ‘Joker.’ (Niko Tavernise/Warner Bros. Pictures via AP)   Smile, because it confuses people. Smile, because it’s easier than explaining what is killing you inside. Arthur is mentally unstable. He works as a clown toRead More →

In this academic article, based on Abas Amanat’s Iran, A Modern History (Yale, 2017) I will try to point a few key points in Iran’s modern history, showing how sometimes accidental, sometimes unavoidable events can lead to wide-ranging and consequential upheavals. I am especially interested in history’s inner logic, theRead More →

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Bearing the brunt of the Cold War, The United States and the Soviet Union divided Korea into two sovereign states in 1948 with the border set at the 38th parallel. In the South, an export-led economic boom, industrialization, and technological advances created an enviably prosperous state. In the current world,Read More →