Israeli-Palestinian conflict and why did it all start?

When asked about when exactly the conflicts started many historians can’t give a specific date because of different opinions and visions that they have.Some say it started in 1948 when the Israel state was declared.Also opinions are being different if talking about what are the real motives of this war,is… Read More »Israeli-Palestinian conflict and why did it all start?

Telegram’s responsibility on revenge porn: are there any?

  In these last weeks we have been observers of a disgusting phenomena, the one of revenge porn and exchange of child sexual abuse material on Telegram. This Russian chat was invented by Pavel and Nikolaj Durov, it counts thousand of subscribers. The main characteristic of this platform is the… Read More »Telegram’s responsibility on revenge porn: are there any?

Ludwig van Beethoven – A Genius Who Changed Music Forever

On 27 March 1827, Beethoven, the most beloved composer of all time, died in Vienna. 20 thousand Viennese attended his funeral. A large crowd gathered at that time. Compared to poor Mozart’s derelict funeral and his body thrown into a pit, this funeral was a magnificent appearance. Dutch-born Beethoven was… Read More »Ludwig van Beethoven – A Genius Who Changed Music Forever


    The literature describes everything that happened yesterday and everything that will happen tomorrow, and our aim as readers is the one of being careful to seize up those features that help us to understand our past and that teaches us how to face the future. Starting from this… Read More »SARAMAGO’S “BLINDNESS” AND COVID-19. HOW LITERATURE DESCRIBES THE PRESENT

The Isla Bastimentos National Marine Park

Isla Bastimentos National Marine Park has a key role in the protection and conservation of terrestrial and marine habitat since its creation in 1988.

How can the natural resources of the Bocas del Toro archipelago best be managed in order to promote conservation and sustainable use also considering the socio-economic environment? 

This isn’t an easy question, in fact, tourism in the region affects both human and ecological activity and the effects of this tourism boom in Bocas del Toro on human and natural resources has yet to be fully quantified.

The goal is to promote a sustainable tourism while taking in consideration marine and terrestrial ecology, socio-economics, culture, and environmental policy, but we still have a long way to go in order to achieve that.

The park protects forests, mangroves, monkeys, sloths, caiman, crocodile, 28 different species of amphibians and reptiles including the rana roja, typical of that area.  Also, Playa Larga on Isla Bastimentos is a very important nesting site for sea turtles, that use it as a nesting site from April through September.

The park was structured and developed under a species-specific approach to the protection of marine ecosystems, its main goal was the one to preserve a “representative sample of the marine and coastal ecosystems” of the region, considered at risk.

A second thing to take in account for the creation of the park was its use for recreational and tourism purposes, and regarding this topic issues arose.

The populations that lived there and depended on the area were not asked for feedback regarding limits and use of terrestrial and marine resources, and this led to numerous problems.

For example, indigenous Ngöbe communities that utilize the resources of the area felt that their right and need were not taken seriously and in consideration when maturing the park’s limits. The limits infringed upon the Ngöbe’s subsistence territories, and the prohibitions settled did not take in account that the Ngöbe rely heavily on fishing in the area as a subsistence strategy and a mean of surviving.

This condition led to a feeling of resentment by local residents who had traditionally relied upon the resources and who were threatened by what they considered coercive conservation.

Bocatoreneans of different cultural backgrounds are convinced that their need were ignored by Panamanian government, changes were instituted without consultation, and this allowed corruption to flourish.

This situation is not completely solved nowadays, even with the development of a more sustainable and respectful tourism and a more conscious participation in it of the population.

There are still many problems to face in order to achieve a good balance and to protect this beautiful area in a right and regardful way.

Arianna Maviglia Read More »The Isla Bastimentos National Marine Park

The Significance of Human Rights

  Talking about human rights is nowadays an effective way of advocating for social justice globally. However, what are human rights? What do they do? Drawing on anthropological studies of human rights from around the globe, the novel analyzes human rights in training. It demonstrates how groups and organizations gather… Read More »The Significance of Human Rights

JOKER finally at peace with himself

 This image released by Warner Bros. Pictures shows Joaquin Phoenix in a scene from the film, ‘Joker.’ (Niko Tavernise/Warner Bros. Pictures via AP) Smile, because it confuses people. Smile, because it’s easier than explaining what is killing you inside. Arthur is mentally unstable. He works as a clown to pay… Read More »JOKER finally at peace with himself