In France, where I come from, you learn in the first year of highschool to manipulate and understand the Maslow Pyramid of human’s needs. What you discover, back then, is the already intuitively felt importance of food and water, placed among the “physiological needs”, at the bottom of the… Read More »Aeroponics systems as a local answer to global issues
Environment and Science
During the diplomacy festival, Global Governance students of the second year had the opportunity to attend an event about climate change, in particular regarding the urgent need for a common policy involving climate change in order to avoid a future catastrophe. It is evident now more than ever before, how… Read More »A common policy for climate change: how to avoid a catastrophic future
During these last two years, there has been a significant growth in the number of people who decide to switch their own way of eating from an omnivorous diet to a more vegetarian or, as it is called now, plant-based one. The latter represents the adoption of a new way… Read More »Vegan Burger or Fake Burger?
More often than not, when opening their wardrobes people will complain about their lack of clothes and just go out to buy more. Fast fashion stores are probably where they are going to satisfy their craving for new pieces: it is possible to find the latest fad for very convenient… Read More »Vintage fashion- a sustainable trend?
One of the most popular marketing strategies of the past few years has been associating one’s brand to social issues. Whoever uses social networks, surfs the internet, or just watches TV, can easily recall a promotional campaign in which the product advertised endorsed messages related to female empowerment, multiculturalism or… Read More »From greenwashing to pinkwashing: all the shades of brand activism, behind the facade
Big Tech Companies have always publicized themselves as fierce opponents of pollution and carbon dioxide emissions. They often associate themselves with climate activism and, during panels and conferences their “Green” Initiatives are always presented to the public to remind us their concern for the environment. While all of this is… Read More »Big Tech and Oil Production, a new-found relationship
Monsanto is already world-wide known as the nightmare of farmers, and the developer of the polemical glyphosate-based Roundup herbicide in the 1970s. What the company traditionally does is called genetical and bio-engineering, using gene improved plants to better off the profits and efficiency of agricultural production. It is specialized in… Read More »Harvesting Data: Monsanto’s new business?
Automotive electric technology has witnessed rapid growth and achieved considerable progress, especially in the last decade. Nevertheless, the pace at which battery electric vehicles are imposing themselves on the market over fossil fuel cars has still been relatively slow, as actions taken by governments to incentivize sustainable mobility have not achieved the hoped success. Now, the reasons why many people are hesitant to switch to electric are always the same: high purchasing prices and lack of infrastructure for recharge (if these were equal to the ones of petrol and diesel vehicles, very few would probably be so “masochistic” to still prefer a fossil-fuel car to an EV), and it’s on those aspects that more efficient national and regional policies are needed in order to push the zero-emissions car market to the level it deserves and that our planet very much needs it to reach. Surprisingly enough, the global crisis brought about by the new coronavirus could be the perfect occasion for a true change that would result in favor of both the environment and the global economies. Let me show you why!
Coronavirus has made the world stop and put its gearbox in “neutral”. Lockdown measures and the absence of market dynamics have forced economies to slow down, creating a frightening prospect of an incumbent massive financial crisis. The car market has been no exception; less people going around have resulted in a heavy decrease in demand for new vehicles: the car industry – electric vehicles included – has therefore halted its production. As pointed out by T. Gül, M. Gorner and L. Paoli in their commentary for the International Energy Agency, China, the world’s largest car market, registered its sharpest year-on-year decline in February, while other major car markets experienced their heaviest declines in April. In Germany, sales dropped about 60%, in France they plunged nearly 90%. In the UK and Italy sales collapsed by 98% in April. Being a complex and critical part of the world’s largest economies employing millions of people across the entire supply process – a vehicle’s value chain involves more than ten thousand suppliers – such a massive halt of the car industry, if prolonged, risks to contribute to an already probable, if not certain, future economic crisis following the current health emergency.
However, paradoxically enough, what is happening now is that as more and more countries are gradually easing their confinement measures, demand for private car purchases is actually increasing. This is mainly due to the fact that, with the pandemic still on-going, driving is increasingly considered safer over any kind of public transportation. Demand is therefore being bolstered by health concerns, consequently inverting – even though presumably only in a short-term dimension – the recent trend that has seen the younger generation in particular moving away from private car ownership towards public forms of mobility, such as car-sharing. “We can’t see that (yet) in vehicle sales obviously but we can see it in searches for vehicles” affirmed ING’s senior economist J. Konings. In China, one of the first countries in the world to adopt less strict confinement measures, policymakers were quick to identify this phenomena and targeted the car market with important economic stimulus. As a result, Chinese car sales rebounded strongly to reach 80% of the level registered in April of last year.
Overall global car markets are generally expected to pick up during the second half of 2020, even though auto-industry executives are perfectly aware that a prolonged depression could lead the economies and the automotive industry to another halt, but much will depend on local institutional actions. In European countries now easing their lockdown measures, national governments could seize the opportunity to partly re-launch market dynamics through measures that stimulate car sales, simultaneously reducing the risk of employment losses in the auto industry. However, while production and sales levels do need to rise again, carbon emissions should not. Therefore, this may also be the right moment to act in terms of more effective policies in favor of sustainable mobility; policies that, if before were supported and carried out “only” for environmental purposes, now can also be crucial to re-launch a stalled economy.
But why, you might ask, is this the right time to act with regard to green energy? The demand for electric cars hasn’t really changed, has it? Well, actually, as shown by the International Energy Agency, while some electric car markets slumped during confinement, others actually grew. Electric car sales in European countries, for instance, bucked the trend of the overall car market. This is the result of a combination of factors: 2020 is the target year of the European Union’s CO2 emission standards, Germany had increased electric car purchase subsidies in February, and the impacts of the system introduced in Italy in 2019 to encourage electric cars had started to affect the market. As a consequence, in the largest European car markets combined, sales of electric cars in the first four months of 2020 reached more than 167.000 electric cars, about 100% higher than in the same period last year.
To this, we may also add the psychological effect that recently blue skies and reduced pollution have had on people around the world. As air became cleaner and our planet could finally take a breath, the pandemic has actually given us all a taste of how a zero-emission world would look and feel like. It is not casual, if of the participants surveyed by Venson Automotive Solutions, 45% agreed that air quality has made them reconsider owning an electric car, while another 17% said that it has reaffirmed their decision to buy an electric car. With these premises, EVs have all the potential to continue their upward trend in the market and could even set their all-time market share record in the overall car economy. They are gradually becoming economically competitive on the basis of the total cost of ownership, even though the high purchasing investment for consumers means that the electric car market still relies on government support. This is why, although the electric car markets are generally expected to suffer less in the short-term, these expectations and their transition in the long run are still highly dependent on national governments’ responses. This is yet another reason for why “now” is the perfect moment for car manufacturers and for governments to finally act in favor of a more incentivized sustainable mobility, which would allow for a more rapid pick-up of markets together with positive effects on our planet.
So what can governments do exactly? Some measures are available from past experiences and “just” need to be applied in a more effective way. For instance, the incentivizing efforts which have been seen so far to have undoubtedly contributed in bringing the EVs market to where it is today (that mostly took the form of direct purchase subsidies and tax reductions). The fear, with the explosion of the global pandemic, was that local governments could suspend incentives on sustainable mobility to concentrate funds on other sectors in need. Luckily, so far countries haven’t cancelled such stimulus efforts: China, for example, already announced the extension of their purchase subsidies plan until 2022 and France prepared a new massive investment plan including financial incentives up to seven thousands euros for EVs purchases. Cash-for-clunkers programmes also represent another well-known practice that, if appropriately designed, could boost the demand for electric vehicles among those people that would currently like to sell their old car for a new one, but haven’t done so because of poor past incentivizing efforts in the field of car scrapping practices.
However, as Daimler board member M. Daum correctly pointed out, “to incentivise the purchase of a car, that is always short-term”. Local policymakers should also realize they now have “a unique opportunity to support the build-up of the infrastructure”, such as charging stations, which is something that definitely hasn’t been given enough thought in the past years and that would allow for a long-term shift to green transportation. Of course, in order for it to be a true and complete shift to clean energy, the way in which electricity for cars is and will be produced must also be taken into account; the entire electricity supply chain, involving power plants, should become “green” as well, and although this will surely become a subject of debate very soon – if and when electric cars will hopefully become more popular – it is something that our global crisis currently doesn’t help dealing with.
As of now, in conclusion, governments need to realize the positive potential effects that the electric car markets could have not only on our environment, as it did before Covid-19, but on our struggling economies as well. As people have become and are becoming more willing to switch to electric, policymakers should become aware of this golden opportunity to quickly re-launch the private mobility sector – an important part of local and global industries and markets – so as to enable the workforce to get back to their jobs while also making the electric car industry a key contributor to the global economic recovery. All this, by simply doing something that has never before occupied a high position on political and economic agendas essentially because it “only” served environmental purposes, but that, once again, now could also result in a key factor in the post-Covid economic recovery phase: investing for a greener future.
2020 is now almost 2 months old and, it hasn’t been one of the easiest newborns. Starting with the US-Iran tensions with the killing of Soleimani threatening global security in the early days of the new decade, we now witness a new problem of this troublesome child; it caught the… Read More »COVID-19, a dangerous virus in a globalized world
In the age of dataism, algocracy, social media, over-presence of internet, we allow cookies every day, clicking “ok” on terms and conditions, letting our data be used and sold without consciousness of it. The growth of computing capacities and flows of digital data (called Big Data) has made it possible… Read More »Data: the new black gold
Our natural environment is full of diversity and is multivariable; this is what makes it so special. The flora and fauna range from west to east having completely different semblances. Nature is fundamental not only for us human beings but also for the whole environment we live in. Without well-functioning… Read More »Nature and its Impact on the Human Well-Being
What is a dream? We have all experienced it but yet nobody knows why do we really dream each night.For thousands of years humans have seen dreams as mystical or as some type of window into our deeper selves.There are cases in which dreams inspired artists( the famous Rolling Stones… Read More »What is a dream?
A conversation with Nicolò Sartori The numerous implications of the energy sector and global challenges for renewables energies have been the main topics of the meeting. The added value given to this conversation has been given to the guest’s global perspective on the linkage between international relations and energy. Energy… Read More »New opportunities and Challenges: a new face of energy sector.
During my whole life I’ve never been in a place like Sihanoukville, and I’m not talking about anything positive. We are in Cambodia, surrounded by Thailand, Laos and Vietnam. The city is the one of the most important in here, because of the solid Chinese business invading literally any area.… Read More »TRAVEL BITES: SIHANOUKVILLE AND THE RAISING CHINESE POWER
On the 23rd of October we had the chance to attend a meeting in the Ania headquarters on the topic of Climate Change and the approach that the European Union will take in order to tackle such problem. The Conversation started with Ambassador Aboltina, a very important figure that has… Read More »Green New Deal for Europe and Energy Sector.
On the 20th of September the world has reached a new milestone in the evergoing research for technological improvement. Such achievement is called “Quantum Supremacy”, these 2 words define the event in which a quantum computer has finally been able to calculate something that a regular computer wouldn’t have ever… Read More »Quantum Computers and Quantum Supremacy, when 1s and 0s fuse together
Everyone wants a cleaner environment for their kids, but only a few try their best to guarantee it to them. It’s everyone’s right to live in a cleaner environment, but it’s our duty as well to create the conditions for this cause, through our leading example. This is the thought,… Read More »Clean Up Sundays: The Reawakening of Civil Awareness
It is now more than known : the movement that Greta Thunberg launched in August 2018 by sitting in front of the Swedish Parliament is spreading day by day, embracing already the youth and calling for every age, every social background, everyone. On 20th of September, the young Swedish girl… Read More »Friday for future, a worldwide waking up
We know that the Universe is one of the biggest mysteries of the world and still remains unexplained,but what could possibbly await us in a black hole? The simple answer to all of these questions is, as Professor Richard Massey explains, “Who knows?” As a Royal Society research fellow at… Read More »What is a black hole and where do they lead?
A conversation with Belgium Ambassador Frank Carruet Nowadays, International relations are so difficult to hang. Every country is different and it has multiple needs from a social and economic point of view. In order to maintain peaceful and smart relations with the world, the respect for the country that is located… Read More »The life of an Ambassador