Environmental policies are without the slightest doubt one of the hottest topics in almost every debate nowadays. The reason, clearly, is beyond obvious. Following the guidance and the recent ultimatum of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), many countries – mostly OECD ones – have enacted or at least… Read More »Net-Zero Policies and Trade: Threat or Opportunity for Low-Income Economies?
Environment and Science
Environmental concerns among consumers are growing everyday, boosting the demand for a faster green transformation of the economy. However, imperfect information and misleading claims can generate confusion and distrust, jeopardizing the success of the green transition. The aim of this article is to show what can be done about it, both at an individual and institutional level, in order to spread clear information and build trust in the green markets.
After introducing you to Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, the director general of the World Trade Organisation, I would like to continue our journey today by introducing to you another female leader worthy of our attention and admiration. Her name is Kathrin Jansen; She is the Senior Vice President and Head of Vaccine… Read More »Kathrin Jansen, a female leader in a man’s world
Marie Curie is one of the most famous scientists and physicists in history. She won the Nobel Prize in 1903 (alongside her husband Pierre Curie and Antoine Henri). At the time, it was, obviously, very hard for women to pursue a career in sciences. Indeed, this has been the case… Read More »Women in STEM
The trend is clear; regardless of the market you are in, your consumer base will grow if you produce sustainable products. At the same time, long-term sustainability is nowadays the new standard for investors. In this framework, a shift towards the production of green products would resemble a natural process… Read More »The Dark Side of Sustainability: Greenwashing.
Big Companies, Innovation and Sustainability In our era, people are finally realising the impact their actions have on climate, the environment, and our planet in general. The World Health Organisation states that “according to current projections, droughts will strongly increase in frequency and intensity in the coming decades in large… Read More »Big Companies, Innovation and Sustainability
Thanks to the University of Rome Tor Vergata, in August 2019 I flew across the Atlantic Ocean for my overseas exchange program at the Universidad Mayor of Santiago in Chile and this was the topic of my thesis. A New Constitution for Chile On the 26th of October 2020 a… Read More »The revolution of Chile and the Water Crisis
The world we are living in right now is influenced by new technology everyday. Just take a look at your home; we have around us devices that make our life way easier. Technology is advancing at a very high speed, which is both a good and a bad thing, the… Read More »Life in the future
BLACK NOVEMBER “Black Friday”, “Cyber Monday” and “Single Day” are events dedicated to shopping lovers from all over the world. Both online and offline,they are days in which people around the world queue physically or virtually to grab the best deals on the market. Not even Covid-19 has stopped this… Read More »FROM BLACK TO GREEN FRIDAY: A NECESSARY TRANSACTION
A new proposal for student’s education Our GG Alumni association is moving forward with a partnership which was started in July, namely the Lab4All initiative, launched by two associations: Orizzonte and SeedScience, which started collaborating last year. They came up with this project by merging their two missions. We saw… Read More »LAB4ALL Champions The Great Cause of HYGIENE
In France, where I come from, you learn in the first year of highschool to manipulate and understand the Maslow Pyramid of human’s needs. What you discover, back then, is the already intuitively felt importance of food and water, placed among the “physiological needs”, at the bottom of the… Read More »Aeroponics systems as a local answer to global issues
During the diplomacy festival, Global Governance students of the second year had the opportunity to attend an event about climate change, in particular regarding the urgent need for a common policy involving climate change in order to avoid a future catastrophe. It is evident now more than ever before, how… Read More »A common policy for climate change: how to avoid a catastrophic future
During these last two years, there has been a significant growth in the number of people who decide to switch their own way of eating from an omnivorous diet to a more vegetarian or, as it is called now, plant-based one. The latter represents the adoption of a new way… Read More »Vegan Burger or Fake Burger?
More often than not, when opening their wardrobes people will complain about their lack of clothes and just go out to buy more. Fast fashion stores are probably where they are going to satisfy their craving for new pieces: it is possible to find the latest fad for very convenient… Read More »Vintage fashion- a sustainable trend?
One of the most popular marketing strategies of the past few years has been associating one’s brand to social issues. Whoever uses social networks, surfs the internet, or just watches TV, can easily recall a promotional campaign in which the product advertised endorsed messages related to female empowerment, multiculturalism or… Read More »From greenwashing to pinkwashing: all the shades of brand activism, behind the facade
Big Tech Companies have always publicized themselves as fierce opponents of pollution and carbon dioxide emissions. They often associate themselves with climate activism and, during panels and conferences their “Green” Initiatives are always presented to the public to remind us their concern for the environment. While all of this is… Read More »Big Tech and Oil Production, a new-found relationship
Monsanto is already world-wide known as the nightmare of farmers, and the developer of the polemical glyphosate-based Roundup herbicide in the 1970s. What the company traditionally does is called genetical and bio-engineering, using gene improved plants to better off the profits and efficiency of agricultural production. It is specialized in… Read More »Harvesting Data: Monsanto’s new business?
Automotive electric technology has witnessed rapid growth and achieved considerable progress, especially in the last decade. Nevertheless, the pace at which battery electric vehicles are imposing themselves on the market over fossil fuel cars has still been relatively slow, as actions taken by governments to incentivize sustainable mobility have not achieved the hoped success. Now, the reasons why many people are hesitant to switch to electric are always the same: high purchasing prices and lack of infrastructure for recharge (if these were equal to the ones of petrol and diesel vehicles, very few would probably be so “masochistic” to still prefer a fossil-fuel car to an EV), and it’s on those aspects that more efficient national and regional policies are needed in order to push the zero-emissions car market to the level it deserves and that our planet very much needs it to reach. Surprisingly enough, the global crisis brought about by the new coronavirus could be the perfect occasion for a true change that would result in favor of both the environment and the global economies. Let me show you why!
Coronavirus has made the world stop and put its gearbox in “neutral”. Lockdown measures and the absence of market dynamics have forced economies to slow down, creating a frightening prospect of an incumbent massive financial crisis. The car market has been no exception; less people going around have resulted in a heavy decrease in demand for new vehicles: the car industry – electric vehicles included – has therefore halted its production. As pointed out by T. Gül, M. Gorner and L. Paoli in their commentary for the International Energy Agency, China, the world’s largest car market, registered its sharpest year-on-year decline in February, while other major car markets experienced their heaviest declines in April. In Germany, sales dropped about 60%, in France they plunged nearly 90%. In the UK and Italy sales collapsed by 98% in April. Being a complex and critical part of the world’s largest economies employing millions of people across the entire supply process – a vehicle’s value chain involves more than ten thousand suppliers – such a massive halt of the car industry, if prolonged, risks to contribute to an already probable, if not certain, future economic crisis following the current health emergency.
However, paradoxically enough, what is happening now is that as more and more countries are gradually easing their confinement measures, demand for private car purchases is actually increasing. This is mainly due to the fact that, with the pandemic still on-going, driving is increasingly considered safer over any kind of public transportation. Demand is therefore being bolstered by health concerns, consequently inverting – even though presumably only in a short-term dimension – the recent trend that has seen the younger generation in particular moving away from private car ownership towards public forms of mobility, such as car-sharing. “We can’t see that (yet) in vehicle sales obviously but we can see it in searches for vehicles” affirmed ING’s senior economist J. Konings. In China, one of the first countries in the world to adopt less strict confinement measures, policymakers were quick to identify this phenomena and targeted the car market with important economic stimulus. As a result, Chinese car sales rebounded strongly to reach 80% of the level registered in April of last year.
Overall global car markets are generally expected to pick up during the second half of 2020, even though auto-industry executives are perfectly aware that a prolonged depression could lead the economies and the automotive industry to another halt, but much will depend on local institutional actions. In European countries now easing their lockdown measures, national governments could seize the opportunity to partly re-launch market dynamics through measures that stimulate car sales, simultaneously reducing the risk of employment losses in the auto industry. However, while production and sales levels do need to rise again, carbon emissions should not. Therefore, this may also be the right moment to act in terms of more effective policies in favor of sustainable mobility; policies that, if before were supported and carried out “only” for environmental purposes, now can also be crucial to re-launch a stalled economy.
But why, you might ask, is this the right time to act with regard to green energy? The demand for electric cars hasn’t really changed, has it? Well, actually, as shown by the International Energy Agency, while some electric car markets slumped during confinement, others actually grew. Electric car sales in European countries, for instance, bucked the trend of the overall car market. This is the result of a combination of factors: 2020 is the target year of the European Union’s CO2 emission standards, Germany had increased electric car purchase subsidies in February, and the impacts of the system introduced in Italy in 2019 to encourage electric cars had started to affect the market. As a consequence, in the largest European car markets combined, sales of electric cars in the first four months of 2020 reached more than 167.000 electric cars, about 100% higher than in the same period last year.
To this, we may also add the psychological effect that recently blue skies and reduced pollution have had on people around the world. As air became cleaner and our planet could finally take a breath, the pandemic has actually given us all a taste of how a zero-emission world would look and feel like. It is not casual, if of the participants surveyed by Venson Automotive Solutions, 45% agreed that air quality has made them reconsider owning an electric car, while another 17% said that it has reaffirmed their decision to buy an electric car. With these premises, EVs have all the potential to continue their upward trend in the market and could even set their all-time market share record in the overall car economy. They are gradually becoming economically competitive on the basis of the total cost of ownership, even though the high purchasing investment for consumers means that the electric car market still relies on government support. This is why, although the electric car markets are generally expected to suffer less in the short-term, these expectations and their transition in the long run are still highly dependent on national governments’ responses. This is yet another reason for why “now” is the perfect moment for car manufacturers and for governments to finally act in favor of a more incentivized sustainable mobility, which would allow for a more rapid pick-up of markets together with positive effects on our planet.
So what can governments do exactly? Some measures are available from past experiences and “just” need to be applied in a more effective way. For instance, the incentivizing efforts which have been seen so far to have undoubtedly contributed in bringing the EVs market to where it is today (that mostly took the form of direct purchase subsidies and tax reductions). The fear, with the explosion of the global pandemic, was that local governments could suspend incentives on sustainable mobility to concentrate funds on other sectors in need. Luckily, so far countries haven’t cancelled such stimulus efforts: China, for example, already announced the extension of their purchase subsidies plan until 2022 and France prepared a new massive investment plan including financial incentives up to seven thousands euros for EVs purchases. Cash-for-clunkers programmes also represent another well-known practice that, if appropriately designed, could boost the demand for electric vehicles among those people that would currently like to sell their old car for a new one, but haven’t done so because of poor past incentivizing efforts in the field of car scrapping practices.
However, as Daimler board member M. Daum correctly pointed out, “to incentivise the purchase of a car, that is always short-term”. Local policymakers should also realize they now have “a unique opportunity to support the build-up of the infrastructure”, such as charging stations, which is something that definitely hasn’t been given enough thought in the past years and that would allow for a long-term shift to green transportation. Of course, in order for it to be a true and complete shift to clean energy, the way in which electricity for cars is and will be produced must also be taken into account; the entire electricity supply chain, involving power plants, should become “green” as well, and although this will surely become a subject of debate very soon – if and when electric cars will hopefully become more popular – it is something that our global crisis currently doesn’t help dealing with.
As of now, in conclusion, governments need to realize the positive potential effects that the electric car markets could have not only on our environment, as it did before Covid-19, but on our struggling economies as well. As people have become and are becoming more willing to switch to electric, policymakers should become aware of this golden opportunity to quickly re-launch the private mobility sector – an important part of local and global industries and markets – so as to enable the workforce to get back to their jobs while also making the electric car industry a key contributor to the global economic recovery. All this, by simply doing something that has never before occupied a high position on political and economic agendas essentially because it “only” served environmental purposes, but that, once again, now could also result in a key factor in the post-Covid economic recovery phase: investing for a greener future.
2020 is now almost 2 months old and, it hasn’t been one of the easiest newborns. Starting with the US-Iran tensions with the killing of Soleimani threatening global security in the early days of the new decade, we now witness a new problem of this troublesome child; it caught the… Read More »COVID-19, a dangerous virus in a globalized world
In the age of dataism, algocracy, social media, over-presence of internet, we allow cookies every day, clicking “ok” on terms and conditions, letting our data be used and sold without consciousness of it. The growth of computing capacities and flows of digital data (called Big Data) has made it possible… Read More »Data: the new black gold