On 27 March 1827, Beethoven, the most beloved composer of all time, died in Vienna. 20 thousand Viennese attended his funeral. A large crowd gathered at that time. Compared to poor Mozart’s derelict funeral and his body thrown into a pit, this funeral was a magnificent appearance.
Dutch-born Beethoven was born in Bonn in December of 1770. He spent his life in Vienna. I cannot say that it was the most exciting composer of the romantic period. The ear disease he had, which even the youngest doctor could diagnose and treat easily today, darkened his life. Like all Europe, he was influenced by the Napoleon wars and his invasion of Europe; They were waiting for the monarchs and the church to be over.
Three music geniuses of all time knew each other in Austria; Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven.Haydn and Mozart had a significant influence on many things. Beethoven, on the other hand, affected not only the world of music but all the groups in the period of Europe’s upset. His protector was the Imperial family, Cardinal Archduke Rudolf, who devoted himself to the church. He was friends with Goethe; While walking together one day, Emperor Franz I greeted Beethoven, but not the best man of German literature who is a very significant figure of the country, Goethe. Which I find quite interesting and funny.
He composed the 3rd Symphony, named “Eroica” for Napoleon, but Napoleon’s proclamation of despotism and empire limited the work’s inscription to “for a hero.” Which means it did not get the greeting it deserved.
He Represented The Transition from Classicism to Romanticism.
The German-speaking world lived its most productive era in this age. In particular, Kant’s philosophy affected the Germans very much. Joseph Hammer had translated Iranian literature “Hafez” with melody. The translation of “Hafez” turned the societies of literature and philosophy upside down. Hegel said that he brought a new perception. Goethe read the translation of “Hafez” and created the “West-East divan.” France brought the history and literature of the east to Voltaire’s language with men like Sylvester de Sacy. Even Autocrat Russia started a new era; Nikolay Gogol was born in March 1809 to enlighten Russian literature with both humor, language, and historian fantasy. Russia’s literature would eternalize European culture with the music of Germany. On the other hand, new Italy and new Eastern Europe were born while experiencing the atmosphere of post-Napoleon monarchist and reactive Europe, Metternich Austria, and the Bourbone restoration…
Beethoven, with his music, is known as one of the three “B’s of this new era; the other two are Bach before him, and the other is the Brahms after him. In other words, it represents the transition from the music classicism of the 18th century to the romance of the 19th century. With his freedom and resistance in the opera “Fidelio” in the minds of the people, he took place in Schiller’s 9th Symphony based on the immortal “an die Freude.” Of course, it is possible to cheapen every great and well-known work with other trends. Today, the final of the 9th Symphony and this poem of Schiller is the anthem of the European Union, it is hard to explain.
Although Beethoven does not live in financial trouble like Mozart, suffering, he struggled with loneliness and illness. With his life and work, he did not just affect the 19th-century music of Europe, but he became and stayed as a great portrait in the entire world, changed the music forever.
“Freedom and independence is my character”
– Mustafa Kemal Atatürk