With the final Brexit leaving date just around the corner (31st of October) still remains unclear about what the outcome will be in regards to the new rules and regulations with the EU, not to mention where UK citizens abroad and EU nationals in the UK stand.
There are talks of another Brexit delay until January, another referendum and even a change in parliament. However, with the United Kingdom being only days away from the leaving date, these talks create frustration amongst UK citizens as they continue to be unsure if they will leave the EU with a Deal or No Deal. Moreover British citizens especially the younger generation; many of who were unable to vote at the time of the referendum in 2016; including myself, do not want to leave the EU and would prefer to have another referendum, where more unbiased information is given to the public regarding the “pros and cons” of Brexit.
Back in 2016, the Referendum for Brexit came as a surprise for many. The outcome of the results showed a near 50/50% divide throughout the United Kingdom, as the results stood at 52% Leave and 48% Remain. Many had their reasons, some of the arguments were:
Threat over sovereignty; as EU rules override national laws. The UK government felt as they didn’t have enough control over recent laws passed, for example agriculture, copyright and patent law.
Another example is the influx of immigrants as EU law guarantees that citizens of one EU country have the right to travel, live and work in other EU countries. The Eurozone has struggled economically and workers from countries such as Ireland, Italy and other EU countries like Poland and Romania that have not yet joined the common currency have gone to the UK in search of work. Thus the UK wanted to have more control over borders as EU rules require the UK to admit all EU citizens who want to move to Britain, whether or not they have good job prospects or English skills.
One of the main arguments for leaving the EU was the involvement of the NHS. The UK could keep the money it currently sends to the EU and instead use it for the NHS. A common poster seen in England at the time of the referendum was one that said that an extra 350 million pounds would go towards the NHS every week if we left the EU. This was during the NHS crisis, basically hitting a nerve amongst the British population which we later found out was to be untrue.
On the other hand, the majority of young adults want to stay in the EU but were unable to vote at the time; a recent poll taken saw 75% of young adults would have voted remain. Wanting to keep freedom of movement and low costs.
Brexit also creates problems for those UK nationals already abroad, in particular expatriates and international students as they will have to apply for resident permits in respective EU countries, where many of them might call home and vice versa for EU nationals in the UK. Many EU nationals in the UK have now started families which would mean their children are British citizens due to the British nationality law of 1981, this would create divisions in families.
Another issue leaving the European Union would be trade, as of the moment we are in the EU single-market trade which imports and exports between member states exempting them from tariffs and other barriers. Services, including financial services, can also be offered without restriction across the continent. Leaving the EU means the UK would have to make individual trade deals with all 27 countries, if we leave with A-Deal but if we leave No-Deal that means we would have to join the World Trade organization, which involve 159 countries, this would mean higher tariffs and barriers for the UK. Not to mention the issues involving the border between Northern Ireland and The Republic of Ireland.
In a globalised world, where movement is easier and more things are accessible, Brexit is a harsh turn in an unknown direction. Will the UK leave on October 31st? Looking at the current climate, Brexit will probably be delayed, with no conclusive agreements between the British Parliament and The European Union; the stability of the United Kingdom may falter under a No-Deal Brexit.